Integrated Pest Management

F&S Grounds has implemented a thorough Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program to reduce the use of pesticides on the exterior of the main campus. The fundamental aspects of IPM, along with key examples from the program are listed below.

  • Acceptable pest levels: F&S does not spray any insecticides or fungicides on campus trees, and it is used on landscape plants (shrubs, perennials, annuals, grass, etc.) only if the pest has affected the plant to the point it is causing significant harm.
  • Preventive cultural practices: The Grounds deparment is working to replace the outdated Kentucky Bluegrass / Ryegrass mix in favor of a more durable Turf Type Tall Fescue mix in all lawn panels. This shift will allow for more sustainable irrigation practices and lawns that are more resistant against high levels of foot traffic.
  • Monitoring: The Grounds department is consistently inspecting the different areas of campus; all of the staff are trained and knowledgeable on what to look for and how to identify the presence of pests.
  • Mechanical controls: F&S utilizes large amounts of green waste wood chips in the planter bed areas of campus to suppress weeds. Application of the wood chips helps to reduce the amount of germination from weed seeds in the soil while also moderating moisture levels.
  • Biological controls: Planting designs incorporate specific types of flowering plants that attract predator insects, in order to naturally encourage an acceptable predator/pest balance.
  • Pesticide restrictions: The university is committed to encouraging and protecting pollinators, and therefore Grounds limits the use of herbicides that contain neonicotinoids.

All employees who apply pesticides go through rigorous training and education to become State Licensed Public Pesticide Operators or Applicators. This high level of training, along with monthly meetings, ensures that F&S Grounds Workers understand and follow the IPM strategy.